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Last updated: 22nd May 2016

Creating a Workforce

 
Labor force Labor laws

 

Bangladesh offers an abundant supply of disciplined, easily trainable and low-cost work force suitable for any labor-intensive industry. Of late, there is an increasing supply of professionals, technologists and other middle and low level skilled workers. They receive technical training from universities, college, technical training centers, polytechnic institutions etc. The expenditure incurred by an employer to train his employee is exempted from income tax.

Employment Conditions

The minimum age for workers in Bangladesh is 16 years in factories and establishments. Contracts are made in the form of a letter of offer. Workers may also be engaged on verbal agreements. In government organizations and in some private organizations as well, a probationary period exists for skilled or semi-skilled workers varying between three month's to one year. During this period either party may serve one month's notice for termination from or giving up to the job. In the private sector, the dignity of labor is ensured in accordance with the principles enunciated in the International Labour Organization (ILO) convention and recommendations.

 

Employment Status (in million)

Labor force characteristics MES 2009 (m)* LFS 2005-06 (m)*
Economically active population (15 years+)
53.7
49.5
Employed population
51.0
47.4
Male
38.5
36.1
Female
12.5
11.3
Self employed/own account workers
20.0
19.9
Employer
0.2
0.1
Employee
8.7
6.6
Unpaid family helper
10.8
10.3
Day laborers
10.3
8.6
Others
0.9
1.9
* MES = Monitoring on Employment Survey
LFS = Labour Force Survey
m = million
Source: Report on monitoring and employment survey-2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

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Labor Force

According to the survey Report on monitoring and employment survey-2009, the labor force increased from 49.5m in 2006 to 53.7m in 2009. The growth rate has been 2.7% a year. 62.7% of the population are of age 15 years and over and out of them 59.3% are economically active and 40.7% are economically not active.

Labor Force 2009-10, by sector, %

 

Source: Bangladesh Economic Review-2010 (Bangla version), Ministry of Finance

 

 

Labor Laws

In Bangladesh the following major labor laws are now in operation:

  • Labor Acts 2006
  • Private Road Transport Labor Welfare Fund Law 2005
  • Labor Welfare Foundation Law Law 2006
  • Minimum Wages Board Laws

The main labor policies are:

  • Child Labor Policy
  • Domestic Worker Protection and Welfare Policy 2010
Note: For more detailed please visit Ministry of Labour and Employment, GOB

 

Working Hours

Workers in the public or private sector typically work eight and a half hours daily (including half an hour for meal or prayer), or 48 hours per week. Friday and Saturday are typically the weekly holidays.


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